WASHINGTON–The Senate voted overwhelmingly to invoke cloture on the motion to proceed to consider the USA Freedom Act early Sunday evening.
Needing a 60-vote majority to proceed with the final vote, the Senate received 77 votes from its members in favor of limiting debate to 30 hours.
The controversial legislation that was filibustered by Senator Rand Paul — a GOP presidential candidate — earlier in the month could only garner 17 members to vote against the motion to proceed forward with a final vote.
According to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s spokesman Don Stewart, the Senate will take up the final vote of the National Security Agency reauthorization bill on Tuesday or Wednesday–well past Sunday’s midnight deadline.
However, the law is written retro-actively and if changes to the bill are made in the upper chamber, the House can take up the bill as amended. On the other hand, the lower chamber could amend it again and send it back to the Senate or ask for a conference committee.
Senate Select Intel Vice Chair Dianne Feinstein, a supporter of the cloture motion Sunday, told reporters that until the passage of the reauthorization the NSA will not be “totally blind, but this program has importance.”
“It’s all of the business records which the FBI uses for criminal investigations,” she said. “That stops. It’s lone wolf that stops. It’s roving wire tap, which is used and important because if somebody changes a phone this is how you pick it up.”
Sen. Ted Cruz had no bad words for his fellow Republican presidential candidate Sunday.
Cruz voted for cloture and told reporters, “Rand Paul is a good man. He is passionate about pressing this issue. I am gratified that the resolution to this battle is going to be that Congress is going to pass the USA Freedom Act. It’s what we should’ve done a week ago.”
He continued, “The USA Freedom Act is the right policy approach. It protects the civil liberties of every American. It ends the federal government’s bulk collection of phone metadata from law abiding citizens and at the same time ensures that we maintain the tools that are needed to target violent terrorists and prevents acts of terrorists.”
Sen. Marco Rubio, another Republican presidential candidate, voted against cloture on Sunday night.
Surveillance powers set to lapse with no deal in Senate
By ERICA WERNER and KEN DILANIAN | The Associated Press
WASHINGTON (AP) — The National Security Agency is losing its authority to collect Americans’ phone records in bulk, after GOP Sen. Rand Paul stood in the way of extending the fiercely contested program in an extraordinary Sunday Senate session.
But that program and several other post-Sept. 11 counter-terror measures look likely to be revived in a matter of days. With no other options, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, in an about-face, reluctantly embraced a House-passed bill that would extend the anti-terror provisions that expire Sunday at midnight, while also remaking the bulk phone collections program.
Although the lapse in the programs may be brief, intelligence officials warned that it could jeopardize Americans’ safety and amount to a win for terrorists. But civil liberties groups applauded as Paul, who is running for president, forced the expiration of the once-secret program made public by NSA contractor Edward Snowden, which critics say is an unconstitutional intrusion into Americans’ privacy.
The Senate voted 77-17 to move ahead on the House-passed bill, the USA Freedom Act, which only last weekend fell three votes short of the 60 needed to advance in the Senate. For McConnell, it was a remarkable retreat after objecting ferociously that the House bill would make the bulk phone collections program dangerously unwieldy by requiring the government to search records maintained by phone companies.
“It’s not ideal but, along with votes on some modest amendments that attempt to ensure the program can actually work as promised, it’s now the only realistic way forward,” McConnell said.
The White House backs the House bill. White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest said in a statement: “The Senate took an important — if late — step forward tonight. We call on the Senate to ensure this irresponsible lapse in authorities is as short-lived as possible. On a matter as critical as our national security, individual senators must put aside their partisan motivations and act swiftly.”
But the Senate adjourned without final action on the bill after Paul asserted his prerogative under Senate rules to delay a final vote for several days.
“This is what we fought the revolution over, are we going to so blithely give up our freedom? … I’m not going to take it anymore,” Paul declared on the Senate floor, as supporters wearing red “Stand With Rand” T-shirts packed the spectator gallery.
Paul’s moves greatly complicated matters for fellow Kentuckian McConnell, who has endorsed him for president, and infuriated fellow Republicans. They exited the Senate chamber en masse when Paul stood up to speak following the procedural vote on the House bill.
Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., complained to reporters that Paul places “a higher priority on his fundraising and his ambitions than on the security of the nation.”
Paul, for his part, asserted that, “People here in town think I’m making a huge mistake. Some of them I think secretly want there to be an attack on the United States so they can blame it on me.”
In addition to the bulk phone collections provision, two lesser-known Patriot Act provisions also lapse at midnight: one, so far unused, helps track “lone wolf” terrorism suspects unconnected to a foreign power; the second allows the government to eavesdrop on suspects who continually discard their cellphones. McConnell tried Sunday to extend just those provisions for two weeks, but Paul objected.
The House bill extends those two provisions unchanged, while remaking the bulk collection program so that the NSA would stop collecting the phone records after a six month transition period, but would be authorized under court order to search records held by phone companies.
The FBI’s use of the Patriot Act to collect hotel, travel, credit card, banking and other business records in national security investigations would also be extended under the House bill. Law enforcement officials say the collection of those business records is more valuable than the better-known bulk phone collections program. Ongoing investigations would be permitted to continue even after authority for the programs lapses.
CIA Director John Brennan was among those warning that letting the authorities lapse, even for a time, will make America less safe.
Terrorists “are looking for the seams to operate within,” Brennan said on CBS’ “Face the Nation.” ”This is something that we can’t afford to do right now.” He bemoaned “too much political grandstanding and crusading for ideological causes that have skewed the debate on this issue” and said the terrorism-fighting tools are important to American lives.
For Paul, the issue represents a potent political opportunity, and his presidential campaign has been sending out numerous fundraising appeals focused on it. A super PAC supporting him even produced an over-the-top video casting the dispute as a professional wrestling-style “Brawl for Liberty” between Paul and President Barack Obama — even though Paul’s main opponent on the issue is McConnell.
The NSA already had begun winding down the phone collection program in anticipation that it will not be renewed. To ensure the program has ceased by the time authority for it expires at midnight, the agency planned to begin shutting down the servers that carry it out at 3:59 p.m. Sunday. Rebooting would take about a day.